Learn how to properly care for your succulents over the winter indoors. Keep them healthy and looking their best with these tips!
Are you ready to bring your succulents in for the winter?
Depending on where you live and the type of succulents you are growing, you may need to consider bringing some of your succulents inside for the winter. Many succulents can’t handle temperatures below 30 degrees Fahrenheit.
I’ve been building my collection of cold hardy succulents, but I still have quite a few tender succulents. Usually around August or September I start trying to pick my favorite plants to bring inside — not an easy thing to do! I don’t have nearly as much room to grow succulents indoors as I do outdoors.
There’s a few things that will help the transition from outside to inside go a little more smoothly, so let me share with you a few tips.
Since it can be a hassle to water my succulents indoors (bringing them all to the sink, waiting for them to stop dripping, etc.) I like to water them one last time outside. I’ll usually water them 1-2 days before bringing them in. This allows them to soak up the water they need and start to dry out. That way my shelves stay nice and dry once the succulents are inside.
Well Draining Soil
You’ll also want to make sure (if they aren’t already) that your succulents are in a well draining soil in a pot with a drainage hole. Succulents grown indoors will do much better if they have the right soil and container.
If you don’t want to mix your own succulent soil, I’ve been using this succulent soil mix from Bonsai Jack and love it! It’s the same recipe I used to make myself, but now I don’t have to slave away for hours making it. Your succulents will definitely thank you for putting them in the right soil.
Prep the Pot for Inside
When you are finally ready to bring your succulents inside, you’ll want to make sure the pot is ready. Remove any leaves or other debris from the pot.
I found that my succulents had quite a few leaves from nearby trees as well as dead leaves that they had shed. I removed as much of these as possible and then reapplied my top dressing to make sure the pot looked nice and fresh! My tweezers were extremely helpful for this part.
There was also quite a bit of dirt out the outside of most of my pots. I wiped down all around the pot and along the bottom to make sure they’d be clean for the move inside.
You’ll also want to check for bugs. I don’t usually have problems with mealybugs with my outdoor plants, but it’s definitely something to look for.
Also look for any other little bugs running around your plants. I know at my house ants and roly poly bugs love to hang out in my pots. I’ve seen quite a few spiders lately too. Since I don’t want those inside, I try to make sure there aren’t any hiding in my plants.
Its also a good idea to remove as many dead leaves as possible from my succulents before bringing them inside. This helps them to be healthier once they are indoors and they look nicer too! Removing the dead leaves isn’t essential, but it does promote better air flow around the plant.
If any of your succulents have died over the summer, now is a good time to fill in the holes. This arrangement stayed looking great over the summer, except for one monocarpic succulent that bloomed and then left a big hole.
Winter Watering for Succulents
Many succulents are dormant in the winter so they won’t need as much water. Some are actively growing though and will need more attention. This is the best list I’ve found of winter vs summer dormant succulents (the list is about half way down the page).
Check to see which your succulents are so you know how to care for them better. You can also check out this post if you need help identifying your succulents.
If your succulents are winter growers they will likely need to be watered more often. My Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’ always seems to be a water hog over the winter. As a general rule though, you’ll only want to water your plants when the soil is completely dry. This is why it’s so important to have a well draining soil and a drainage hole.
The airflow indoors isn’t as good as it is outside so without the proper soil it’s very likely your succulents will stay wet for too long. Keep in mind that succulents near a heating vent might dry out more quickly as the direct air and warmer temperatures can dry things out more quickly.
Plenty of Sunlight
One of the things that is most difficult about growing succulents indoors, especially over the winter, is giving them enough sunlight. You’ll want to place your succulents near the brightest window in your home. Ideally the window will get bright, indirect sunlight all day.
Since the winter days are shorter this is especially important. Succulents need at least 6 hours of sunlight each day to maintain their shape.
I’ve tried using grow lights which definitely helps. It can be a good way to supplement the natural sunlight, but you’ll need several lights to make much of a difference. Make sure you don’t run the lights 24/7 as succulents do need darkness at night to complete their regular growth cycle.
If you notice your succulents stretching or turning toward the window or light source, that is a sign they aren’t getting enough light. Sometimes this is inevitable during the winter. If you do see them start to lean like this, simply turn the pot around to straighten them out.
Often succulents will get tall and “leggy” or stretched out over the winter. This is from not enough sunlight. At the end of the winter you can cut off the top and propagate it! Then you’ll have even more plants for the summer!
Since most succulents aren’t growing as quickly over the winter, this is best done in the spring. For more details on how to do this, you can check out my post on stretching succulents here.
In reality, caring for succulents indoors over the winter isn’t a lot different than any other time of year. You’ll always want to make sure you are watering properly and have great succulent soil. I know I’ve said that at least 3 times in this post, but it really is so important!
If you have any questions about winter care of succulents that I haven’t answered here, please leave a comment below or send me an email. I’m happy to help!