How to Grow Healthy Succulents Indoors

Growing succulents indoors can be a bit tricky. However, with these simple tips you’ll be able to better care for your indoor succulent collection.

Welcome! I am so excited to help you learn more about growing succulents indoors!

As cute as they are, they don’t always make the best indoor house plants. That said, if you love them as much as I do, you’ll grow them anyway! And you should!

With a little bit of information you’ll be able to keep your succulents growing happily indoors. Choosing succulents that prefer low lighting will make a big difference in the success of your indoor succulent garden. For example, Haworthias and Gasteraloes are two genus of succulents that do especially well indoors.

Click here to get my free PDF of 10 succulents you should be growing indoors!

Learn how to care for succulents indoors!
Graptopetalum paraguayense, Portulacaria afra variegata

For those of you with cold winters, bringing your succulents inside before it snows will actually be a good thing for them. Most succulents are dormant during the winter. They need a period of cold to help them produce better blooms in the spring and summer.

I’ll outline some tips below that will help your succulents stay as healthy as possible while they are living indoors. Some of these tips will seem familiar (see 5 Tips for Growing Succulents) but these will be directed specifically toward growing succulents inside.

6 Hours of Sunlight

When succulents are indoors it’s often hard for them to get enough sunlight. They generally about 6 hours a day.

You’ll want to keep your plants as close to the window as you can, but be careful not to let them get sunburned if the light from the window gets too hot. This tends to happen most with south facing windows (which tend to get the most light if you’re in the northern hemisphere).

I’ve kept my succulents in an east facing window, right up against the window, and they have done really well. If your succulents aren’t getting enough light they will start to stretch. Colorful Echeverias are especially prone to stretching indoors.

If there isn’t anywhere that gets brighter light (or more hours of light), don’t worry! After it get’s too stretchy for your taste, just cut off the top and propagate it! The bonus is that you’ll also get more plants :)

Don’t miss the most important two tips to keep your indoor succulents alive!

You probably haven’t heard these before, so be sure to click next and find out what they are!


Get this great ebook about caring for succulents indoors and solve your succulent growing cares!

181 Responses to How to Grow Healthy Succulents Indoors

  1. Congrats on the little succulent grower you’re expecting and thanks for the advice! I’m still mastering the art of keeping some succulents indoors. This will definitely help.

  2. Thank you so much for the information. I’ve been trying to grow succulents indoors. I started to give up but I’ll keep trying.

  3. I’m a college student who’s been growing my ‘babies’ since mid-high school. I’m not particularly good with them, but I like them. Anyway, I live in southern Ontario (Canada!) and we have really hard water, so when I tried using terra cotta planters, I got this weird white build-up on the outside of them that I couldn’t scrub off. Any suggestions for avoiding this in the future or a way to get it off when it does happen?

  4. Hi — It’s been sunny here in Lake Tahoe that I take my jade plant outside for some sunshine and bring them back inside at night. I totally forgot to bring them back inside last night where it was at least 30 deg out. Now that stems are all droopy. Can they be saved? Should I prune them?
    Please help — Ana

    • It’s hard to say if permanent damage has been done, but most likely you’ll still be able to save the plants. I’d keep them inside in a relatively warm environment and just keep an eye on them for now. Often it takes a few days for the damage to really show up. If you see white/cream colored patches the plants were likely “frost bitten”. They will continue to grow but will just be scarred. I’d give them at least a week before cutting anything off. Then if they still don’t look healthy you could cut off the tops and replant and just keep watering the stem with roots and see if new growth starts to form.

    • Yes by all means prune back, use the clippings to star new plants. All you do is stick them in the soil and water once a week. By now you know weather you jade will survive that freezing air. I hope it does. I have had my jade for 24 years. It was huge I repotted it 5 times, each time a larger pot. I have started 10 plants from the shoots I cut off, They all are healthy in family members homes. I keep it in a southern exposure window. we live in the north so needless to say it never goes out. It has a stem like a tree. i hope you have good planting.

  5. Hello!

    I am very new to the succulent world, I received a whole pot of them for Valentines day and I am loving it! I do have a question- Some of the succulents seem to be growing at a very fast rate, but after reading this post I am wondering if instead they are “stretching” for more sunlight. Is there a way to tell the difference between growing and stretching (this seems like an odd question, if it is please let me know)? It has been a very grey winter here in South Carolina but they are in an area that gets the most sun for our house. Any advice would be wonderful! Thanks so much!

    • Most succulents will keep a tight compact shape and just grow larger. If it is their current growing season (which winter is for quite a few succulents) then it’s likely just growing. If it’s getting really tall and spaced out then it is probably stretching.

  6. Hi, I have some succulents. I used them for my wedding two summers ago and then I had them inside – they’ve been inside every since. I’d love to start creating some outside pots for this summer. When you create pots for outside, do you bring ALL of them inside in the winter, or do you just let them die? We live in Minnesota so its below 60 2/3 of the year and snow for about 5 months. I don’t really want to bring outdoor pots inside during the winter – but, I also don’t know if I just want to let them die off either.

    • If you plant tender succulents that don’t survive below freezing you’ll have to bring them in to keep them alive (unless you have a greenhouse). You can plant cold hardy succulents (most sempervivums and many sedums) that will last through the winter outdoors. has a great selection of cold hardy plants. I did not bring in all of my tender succulents and they all died despite my best efforts. This year I plan to use only cold hardy if I keep any outside over the winter.

  7. I am from New Delhi, India and new to growing of succulents. While trying to know more about succulents,I came across Succulents & Sunshine and found it very useful.I am finding it difficult to grow aeonium and the plants dies after around a month. Please guide me how to survive the plant. The summer has just started and the temp. hovers around 30 to 43 C.

    vinod gaindhar

    • I would say to follow the guidelines on this post. But beyond that, Aeoniums are winter growers. They like cooler temperatures and they don’t like a lot of water in the summer. You’ll want to keep them out of direct sunlight and keep an ion them to see if they need to be watered or not. It may take some experimenting, but I’m guessing the water and temperature are going to be the two biggest issues.

  8. Hello, I am wondering where you order your succulents from? I live in Alaska and I’m looking to order a bunch. I remember you recommending a site to me before but I can’t remember which one you had told me about.

  9. Hi! It’s my first time to try growing a succulent plant. I’m not really sure of what type I have now but it looks like a sempervivum and echeveria. I placed on my desk with indirect sunlight coming from my window. Everything seems to be fine until when I got home last night. A mouse took a bite on my plant, at least three leaves have been damaged, and another two leaves had minor bites. I am concerned that my plant would die, especially now that rainy season is coming and no sunlight would come. I don’t know where else to ask for. :(

    Thank you,
    Cye of Manila, PH

    • That sounds rough! I think as long as you don’t over water and give your plant as much light as you can it should still grow. You can either leave the damages leaves on, or if you don’t like how they look, you can remove them as well. It should continue to grow either way.

  10. hi!im sheetal.i stay in temparature is hot n humid most of the time..but i simply love succllents..want to grow them indoors..could u guide me in that regard?with what are the dos and donts..
    waiting for your reply..
    thanking you.

  11. Hi,

    I have a succulent that I believe was overwatered. The root rotted away and the succulent topped over. I followed the instructions to cut off the root and let it air out and scab over. It is scabbing and I’ve noticed the newly cut area is still turning black. What should I do next?


    • Any black isn’t a good sign. I would say to cut off the stem to get rid of any black you can see. My guess is there was still some rot in the stem and it’s just taken some time for it to show on the outside. Hopefully you’ll still be able to salvage it and get it to grow again!

      • I cut off some more and sprinkled some cinnamon on it. How long should I leave it alone until I replant it? Also should I water it somehow while it scabs, I noticed during the last scabbing period, the succulent started to wilt a bit, not sure if it’s lack of sun or needs water. Thanks in advance.

        • I would leave it at least 3-4 days without water. The scab will prevent it from getting too much water when you do plant it. The succulent will start to shrivel because it’s pulling on the stored water to help keep it alive. That is totally normal. Once it dries out and you’ve planted it, I’d recommend watering every 4-5 days until it gets roots (you can gently tug on it, if it resists there are likely roots growing).

          • Thank you this is exactly what my poor succulents look like . Since I live in Las Vegas and brought a beautiful little garden from my place in San Diego ca. .its a hot summer here in Vegas & I think I over watered . ?
            I will hold back water & see if they come back ?

  12. Hello,

    I love your website! It is very helpful.
    I live in Denver and have a wide variety of indoor succulents, but primarily have aloes. I recently moved, and the best spot for succulents in my apartment (and pretty much the only spot for the light they need) also happens to be the coldest room in the winter as it is quite drafty. Many of my plants touch the windows, and I’m scared that this will damage them this winter. Do you think they’ll be okay touching the cold window? I tried to move some of them so they aren’t right up against it, but I’m space-limited. I don’t want to underestimate their hardiness but also don’t want to hurt them! I appreciate any advice.

    Thank you!

    • They might do ok, honestly, it depends on what types of succulents. Some succulents can tolerate cold and freezing much better than others. If you don’t know the varieties, you can post here to get help with that. Then I’d recommend searching for the plant name and see what you can find as far as their cold tolerance. Try to put those that tolerate cold closer to the window. You could also rotate them from time to time so no one succulent touches the window for more than a week or so.

  13. Thanks for the advice! I’m a first time succulent grower and just brought them indoors for the winter. My house does not get a lot of natural sun and so I have had a grow light on them. I started experiencing a lot of stretching and since have changed the light to a t5 fluorescent. Now some of the leaves of the succulents closest to the light are turning pink. Are they getting too much light now? They are still looking so so spindley and I am not sure what to do. Any advice or tips?


    • Turning pink can actually be a sign they are getting enough light. Many succulents will “blush” or change colors when they receive adequate sunlight. If you can, look up the varieties you have and see what colors they generally are. If you don’t know their names, post a picture here and see what people say. Also, succulents won’t go back to being compact once they’ve stretched out. The new growth can be compact on top of the long stem. If you don’t like the look you can propagate them! More details on how to do that here.

  14. Hi, thanks for the post.

    I have a question and would be happy if you help me with that.
    I live in Berlin and and in an apartment with south face windows. I have just got an ALoe Aristata. Now I have placed it just next to the window facing south. So it does not really get much light. I have no experience with succulents and in general with the plants, but I do really like to keep this little plant happy. Do you think, A. Aristata could make peace with low light or that would be a problem ?

    The other problem is in Watering. The pot is very small and the big rosette has taken almost all space. So I found it extremely difficult to water it. Staying water in the center of rosette seems to cause problem to me but I am no expert on that. Could you also comment on that please?

    Sorry for my bad English :)

    • You should be fine to grow Aloe aristata in lower light. It likely won’t grow as large and will grow rather slowly.

      As far as watering, I’d avoid getting the rosette wet if possible, but most likely it will all drain through. I have a watering can with a small tip that I use to get just the soil wet. It can definitely be tricky though. Since you are indoors, be sure your pot has drainage or your plant can easily rot.

  15. Thanks dear learned a lot more tips for keeping succulents inside. i have two hawarthia outside. just want to know will they be doing good if brought inside. my living room is a bit dark but can lit light when required. pls answer.


  16. I just received 20 little baby succulents. They are adorable! I need to pot them and wondering how many I should put in a pot together and/or how far I should space them apart so they will grow comfortably and quickly (it’s winter). Any suggestions? Thanks for all the info!

    • How fun! If you make a really tight arrangement with them, they will grow more slowly. If you’d like them to get bigger and put off more new growth I’d recommend putting a little space between them, 1/2″ to an 1″ maybe? It’s really up to you and whatever you think looks best!

  17. This is my first winter with succulents. Just recently I went to my college’s Horticulture field day, where I got an Aeonium Zwartkop. I had wanted one since i first saw it and months ago and I was so happy to finally have one. But this morning i went out into the livingroom to check on them and I saw a handfull of perfectly healthy leaves that the Zwartkop had thrown for no reason. My parents think that the plasma TV the zwartkop was next to somehow caused it to thrw the leaves. Do you have any clue whats going on? Oh, and one more thing, is it normal for a bunch of leaves to shrivel up and drop of in the winter?

    • My guess is it’s not getting enough water. Winter is the active growing season for Aeoniums so they need a little more water than normal. The lower leaves will die eventually, but a bunch dying/falling off all at once makes me think it’s not getting enough water.

  18. Hi! I bought a succulent around two weeks ago but some of the leaves were already red when I bought it (eep). What does this mean? I searched around and it says that it means it got too much direct sunlight before I bought it so I made a decision to place it beside my window. There’s enough light but it’s not direct sunlight because my window doesn’t face the sun at all. I’ve watered it twice since I bought it and my problem right now is that some of the leaves are still red and most (probably all) of the leaves seem to be wilting. What should I do?

    I really want to keep this baby succulent alive and happy :(

    • Most succulents that turn red are happy to be red! It’s definitely not a problem! It sounds to me like you are on the right track. If the leaves are looking shriveled, you may be under watering or over watering. If it’s in well draining soil and you haven’t watered it for a week or more, give it some water. If you’ve watered it within the past 2-3 days, give it a few more days or wait for the soil to completely dry out before watering again. Feel free to send me photos if you’re still concerned!

  19. Thank you so much for the advice!
    I live in Hawaii, so it’s always summer year round. I put My newly-bought baby succulent in my office that has strong AC during weekdays, and no AC whatsoever during the weekend. I watered it once a day during the week just to see the soil got wet. It’s been only 1 week, but I noticed that the leaves are more flat and stretched out than a week ago. There are also several round dry-out spots on couple leaves.
    Is it because it’s too cold and no sunlight? Please advice.

    P.S. I took it home and put it outdoor now.

  20. Hi, I’ve had my succulent for a month now. It’s lower leaves become soft and some become wrinkled. As I know overwatering is not good for succulents, I often water it once every week or 1.5 week now (because the weather is quite cold). I also place it beside my window. Can it be because it doesn’t have enough light or overwater/underwater? Please help me if you have any advices!

    • Soft and wrinkled leaves does sound like over watering. Most succulents need less water when it’s cool. It generally takes longer for the soil to dry out as well. If they don’t have enough light they will start to stretch out and lose their original shape. I’d say to cut back on watering to every other week (you can also check out this post) and if they are stretching then put them in an area with more light.

  21. Thank you for such an informative post! I just received my very first pot of succulents for my birthday from my sister. She thought I could keep it on my desk but there is no sunlight there. I’m not sure if they are in the right kind of pot… she potted them in an adorable glazed pot (raw ceramic on the inside). Do you think the air will flow appropriately in this container? Would it help to put rocks in the bottom? It was a very sweet gesture but I’m not sure she did any research on how to pot them first. They have been sitting inside with my other plants and I can tell they have stretched out since the 27th. I am nervous to clip it… any wrong way to do that? Now to find an east facing window…

    Thanks in advance for your help!

    • Exciting! A ceramic pot is a great choice for succulents, especially if it has a drainage hole. If not, you’ll just need to be careful not to water very frequently and measure out how much water you pour on. It’s easy for the roots to rot from water pooling in the bottom of the pot. If you’re able to add a drainage hole that’s the best way to go. You could also put it in a smaller pot and then in the ceramic pot (so you can dump water out of the ceramic pot after watering). As far as clipping the stretched out parts, go for it! Here’s my posts on propagating if that helps. Best of luck!

  22. Hi!
    I am sheetal…i live in india,chennai…i was an interior designer…i love plants…i have small container house is east and west open…lately i fell in love with a succullent called the string of pearls..its gorgeous…i would love to grow succullents in my garden…it would be so nice of you if you could guide me about them..specially how do i water the string of pearls…because it tends to rot if i water it…
    please help..waiting for your valuble advice…

    thanking you

  23. I’ve just stumbled upon your site and am now hooked. I’ve read every page I could find about succulents. My Mom had 2 cinder blocks full of lovely hens-and-chickens for many years. When she died I brought them home with me placing them in a couple of places @ the outside of my house both full sun and partial shade. They did not do well in partial shade at all and putting them in full sun fried them. I live where the summers are quite warm and often humid and winters can get to single digits. I think, from reading your blog, that I likely underwatered them. So I must have been doing everything wrong! Because they were my Mom’s I definitely want to save them! There are a few new ones coming up now which thrills me. The cinder blocks are still full of the dried, brown succulents from last year. Should I cut those out, trim them back or leave alone?

    • Thanks for stopping to comment! It is possible you were underwatering, however, after being in the shade they plants need to slowly acclimate to hot weather with full sun. The ones that are growing there now should be just fine though. I would pull out the dead succulents as much as possible. You may want to transfer them to a different container. Cinderblock can get very hot in full sun which can burn the roots, which could be another reason most didn’t survive. If you could put them in a terra cotta or ceramic pot they may do a little better. It’s not a huge deal, especially if new growth is starting to show, but something to consider. Best of luck! Let me know if you have any other questions!

  24. Hi.
    Im Duc from Vietnam – south east Asia country. I just falled in love with these kinds of flower these days. Luckily I found guidance from your very very useful posts.

    I planted the succulents in a wooden box with soil plus coconut coir. However, there is not direct sunlight around my balcony. Is it okay for them to grow heathy or I have to put them under direct sunlight?

    Addition, I have a succulent in glass container. I dont know the name but it has pink (or red) border around the leaves. The leaves are getting stretch and pale, I think. Is it shortage of sunlight or what? Coz i put it near the window (most sunlight in the apartment), any solution to make it better? I really dont want the lovely creature dead :( Pls help.

    I want to attach a pic but dont know how. Any way that I can send you a pic?

    • Feel free to send me a photo via email: I think the plants in the wooden box should be fine. Succulents need bright light all day but not necessarily direct sunlight. The plants in the glass container sound to me like they probably need more like. They could also be getting a little bit of root rot as with most glass containers there isn’t anywhere for the water to drain out. I’d say to put it close to the window with the most light. If you can move it outside from time to time that can help too.

  25. Eu amo suculentas, são fáceis de cuidar, as no inverno aqui no sul do Brasil, é complicado cuidar delas para que não venham a morrer, boas suas dicas.

  26. Hi..!
    I am Sofia….from New Delhi, India.

    Greetings from India…!!

    I have also lately developed this interest in succulent plants…n now i am in love with them…..unfortunately, we usually dont find many varieties in Delhi…but still i managed to find few like – haworthias, pork and jelly bean sedum variety.

    Now, about a week back my husband had gone to Hong kong for an official tour and he brought about 10-12 different varieties for me…..n i was glad..

    but now m worried if they will survive here in this heat….as we are experiencing the peak of summer season where the temperature crosses 45 degrees celcius….n i know thats not suitable for my succulents….so i am keeping them indoors where i am able to maintain a cooler temperature…about 20-25 degrees celcius. but i am confused whether i should keep them for sometime in sunlight as well or not?

    I would want some tips from you which can help me save my plants…..i would want to send u some pics of them so tht u can get to know the varieties i have….May i send them on your e-mail id??

    Thanx in advance….for spending time to read my post….n i am looking forward to hear from you…..thanx…take care.!!

    • I’d love for you to send me some photos! If you can find some bright shade that could be good for them, although they will be fine inside too. The more light you can give them indoors the better. If you’re willing to move them in and out, some indirect morning sun will be great for them. If the temperature is pretty hot you’ll want to keep them in the shade, especially since you’ve had them indoors. Some succulents can tolerate more heat and direct sun but they need to be introduced to it gradually.

  27. […] To make this DIY, spoon some soil into your glass container. Place your succulent or cactus in the soil. You can do one big cactus/succulent, or a few small ones. Then, put your decorative rocks or stones around it. These terrariums only need a few hours of sunlight a day, so make sure you have a window on hand. They also only need to be watered bi-weekly, or when they dry out. You can learn more about this DIY here, and learn more about taking care of your terrariums indoor here. […]

  28. My succulent looks most like the last two photos. I don’t know its sub species but I bought it because of its beautiful yellow flowers and I think I’m killing them! help! my plant itself looks happy but the stems to the flowers are turning what I would call a pinkish color. A couple flower have died off but isn’t it a time for blooming? How do I keep my flowers as long as I can?

  29. Hello,

    I have a couple succulents, some are in soil and some are not. All are doing great and your advice is very helpful! However one of my succulents (one out of soil) is not doing so hot; half of its lower leaves are wrinkling, yellowing, and becoming limp. In addition the stem is brownish but what is most alarming are a few holes in some of the leaves. Should I worry about this affecting other plants and how can I treat this particular plant? Thank you!!

  30. i have been growing succulents for years. Now I have a new one that has pretty little flowers growing from it. I love it ,I only water it when it completely dries out. But now it is losing new leaves,. The older ones are turning yellow on the edges and eventually loose them. The flowers are fine.i put food sticks in the ground away from the plant. What do you suggest I do?


  31. […] Succulents, are definitely the easiest plants to keep alive, which makes them the best indoor plants! Plus they truly are so cute! They work best, when planted in a small pot, or get decorative by using a big glass cup with soil and stones! As far as sunlight goes, Succulents need about 6 hours of sunlight a day. Keep your plant as close to the window as you possibly can, but be careful not to overdo it. In the case that your plant isn’t getting enough sun, it will begin to stretch. If it becomes too tall, don’t worry! The end's not near! Cut off the top of your Succulent, and replant in a larger pot. No harm, no foul, and your plant is as good as new! When it comes to watering your Succulent, it depends on the season. In the Summer, you should water as usual, waiting for the soil to dry and watering again. However, in the winter, these plants do not grow, which is why the only should be watered every two weeks or so. These easy plants, will brighten up any room, and allow for simple care. Talk about perfect! […]

  32. Hi, my husband loves succulent plants like crazy! But his jade plants die one after another. He waters the plant once every 3-4 weeks and placed them near window with bright lights, yet they still die. Can it be that the Jade plant is a seasonal plant, like during the Chinese New Year and dies of a couple of months later.

    Please advise.

    • Jades can definitely grow for years. My guess is it is not getting enough water. Since jades have thinner leaves than some of their succulent cousins they will need to be watered a little more frequently. I recommend watering 1-3 days after the soil has dried out.

  33. Hi Cassidy,
    I just got a little echeveria succulent and I planted in a large pot with two normal flowers. A thyme flower and an angle vine. I’m just wondering if this was a bad idea due to the different needs of the plants. I was hoping as long as I’m just watering the two flowers when they need and avoiding watering the soil in the pot where the succulent is that I could avoid any over watering of the succulent. If I have to I’ll replant it, it’s just a bummer since they all look so darn cute together!
    Thanks and I hope to hear back from you soon!

  34. Hi! I live in SW Wisconsin and I’m a little worried about growing my succulents indoors. When it’s cloudy and rainy, will they get enough light inside? Is it ok to use a UV light to help the situation or will that not work?
    Thank you very much, I learn so much from your website!

  35. Hi Cassidy,

    I would like to stay unison in expressing my appreciation for your site and the amount of helpful information that you have provided here. I have recently grown my once small succulent family to a robust group of succulents that range in size, shape, color and potting technique. I absolutely adore my little cacti family but have recently ran into some challenges and am very concerned about their health and well being.

    I have a variety of succulents in different age groups and potting arrangements. I am unsure of all of the names as most were bought in bulk or group from suppliers like home depot or even the local market. I recently replanted a handful of them as they were beginning to out-grow their homes and experienced an overall positive response from the transplants. I have most of my succulents in ceramic potting, a glass fish bowl and also have 3 in the thatch-type of pot in hanging baskets.

    I live in Colorado and have a large bay window in my living room facing North that receives a healthy amount of sunlight through-out the day. This ideal location is a big reason that I decided to invest in growing my little succulent family.

    Now that we are in the summer months, I have had to have a cooling device installed in one side of the bay window and moved my succulents in fear that the constant cool air would dry them out and kill them but have not found another suitable home for my succulents that allows sunlight throughout the day. Could you please offer insight on this?

    More alarmingly, when doing some maintenance and feeding them last I noticed bugs. They look like gnats. I was afraid that it was moving them from the bay window that was causing them to wilt/ rot so I went and bought some crystalized succulent watering balls to put into the soil along with succulent food that comes in foam. While feeding them I noticed that the little bugs were not in just one but all of my plants… Even my orchids on the other side of the room!

    It seems that all my plants are dying and I am in a panic. Do you think they can be saved? I took them outside and sprayed them with an insect killer spray I bought from home depot that said it was safe for flowers and pets. I watered and left them in the sun hoping that some fresh air and direct sunlight would help.

    I will be forever grateful for your guidance in this.

    Thank you,

    Logan Taulbee

    • I actually think the succulents will be ok in their original location. Most succulents don’t love really hot temperatures, they prefer less that 90 degrees. I think they will be fine with the cooler temps and even the extra air flow. You may need to water a little more frequently, but make sure you soak the soil each time you water and allow the soil to dry out completely before watering again.

      I wouldn’t recommend using the water balls. The soil needs to dry out between watering and the balls may cause the soil to stay wet for too long. If you do have gnats, that is actually a sign of the soil being too wet. Using the bug spray should kill the bugs, but make sure you allow your soil to dry relatively quickly to prevent gnats. If it was another sort of bug, like mealy bugs, the pesticide should do the trick. I have also used rubbing alcohol to kill bugs on my plants.

      Be careful with the succulents in full sun if they’ve been shaded or in cool temperatures all day. The direct sun can cause them to sunburn.

      I hope this helps!

  36. I just bought my first ever succulents today, and I was delighted to find out that one of them is Haworthia, which you pointed out to be excellent in growing indoors! Thank you for this article. I’ll be growing my plants indoors because I’m only living in a rented room. I can only let them out in our common twice a week. I still have to wait for 2017 to transfer to my very own house. Your blog is a great help. I love succulents ^_^

  37. Hi! I came across your site and found it very helpful! My succulent has been in a glass globe ever since I bought it, and it recently started having mealy bugs growing on it. I dabbed robbing alcohol and the white cotton-looking mass dissolves. I also sprayed the plant with a mixture of soap, water, and rubbing alcohol to try to prevent more bugs growing on it. I kept watering it the usual way I do it – couple sprays a week, the plant was fine until this morning and it started to wilt a bit, and has tiny brown, rigid spot on the leaves. Is there anyway to save my plant? Should I try to move it to a more open-air pot? Thank you so much!!!

    • Succulents will do best in a pot with drainage and plenty of air flow. You can take a look at this post to see if the plant is actually dying or if it is just scarred from the mealy bugs (that can happen). That should also help you figure out how to rescue it if needed. Usually wilting is caused by over watering which can happen easily in a glass container.

  38. Thank you for this information. I have a bit of a different problem. I bought a bunch different mini succulents, not really knowing much about them but loving the way they look. I’m growing them
    both inside and outside and they all are doing so well that they’re outgrowing their pots (I’m in Dallas, Texas). What do I do with them now??? I know some, like hen and chicks, do nicely as a ground cover, but what about the pot I have with several different varieties that are growing tall? Do I repot them in a bigger pot, or do I prune them somehow to keep them small, or do I plant them outside in the ground?

    Thanks for any suggestions.

    • You can do any of the things you suggested :) If you want to repot, this post may be helpful. For pruning, you can cut off any “excess growth”. The plant will continue to grow still, but you can propagate the cuttings and have more plants of your own or share with friends and neighbors.

      If you don’t want to maintain the succulents in containers, planting in the ground is a great way to go. They’ll continue to spread so you’ll want to make sure they have room to grow. The only caution I have with planting in the ground is cold tolerance. You’ll want to make sure the succulents you own will survive any cold temperatures you get. Dave’s Garden is a great resource for checking what temperatures succulents can tolerate.

      Sounds like you have a good problem on your hands :)

  39. I have succulents that are doing very well and look like your photos in ceramic pots-They don’t have powdery mildew since they look like yours but have whitish coloration on the stems- I made a solution of murphy’s oil, baking soda and water and sprayed them this morning-Did I do the wrong thing? To what do you attribute the white color on the stems-? Should I ignore it or do something about it. If so what? Somewhere I read that the solution I used would prevent mildew.

    • I haven’t heard of that solution before, so I’m not sure what effect it will have. White powder can be something that is natural for succulents, but it can also be a sign that something is wrong. It’s hard to say without seeing it. If you want to send me a photo I’d be happy to see if I have any insight!

    • Without a drainage hole, watering is tricky. You’ll want to wait until the soil is dry to the bottom (if possible) before watering again. Often though the water doesn’t ever evaporate completely so the succulents can be prone to root rot. Every 3 weeks could work, but you may just have to experiment and see what seems to be good for your plants in your environment. If you’re using a shallow pot you could probably water more frequently. A deeper pot will take longer to dry out. Terra cotta will dry out faster than ceramic or plastic, so the pot material can have an impact too.

  40. You know in the last picture, how there’s what looks like a little succulent growing among the leaves? What do you do with that, if anything?

    • I can’t remember if that ended up being a new plant or a blossom. Most succulents will flower at some point, and I’m guessing that’s what that ended up being. The flowers bloom for a little while and then die and can be cut off. If you have a succulent with a new rosette growing on it though, you can either let it keep growing there or cut it off and propagate it!

  41. Hello

    I just moved to a new apartment and I have my succulents on a window. They get great sunlight during the day. That window is right below a street light (LED). Is getting constant “light” messing with the plants? Should I remove them from the window every night?

  42. my suculent has baby off chutes! do i trim off the off chutes? if i do this how do i get them to root? thank you! baby suculents are about as cute as puppies and i’d like to watch them grow over time.

  43. I have a question about mold. I have a 10″ terracotta pot full of succulents that I had outside all summer. There were times that we had quite a bit of rain, but I never took the plants inside. Now that temperatures are close to freezing overnight, I’ve brought the pot inside. I’ve started noticing what looks like white mold on the outside of the pot, and it looks like mold may be growing on the soil as well. How do I get rid of this?


    • If it is actually mold I would try something organic like vinegar. It could also be mealy bugs. If that’s the case I recommend using rubbing alcohol. If the growth isn’t on the plant yet the best option is to repot. Clean off as much of the bad soil as possible and clean off the plant and any remaining soil with rubbing alcohol. Then plant it in new soil in a new pot.

  44. I’m having succulent trouble. I have a beautiful sand mix terrarium for all my succulents. 2 weeks ago I bought a beautiful succulent that was strong and hardy. I woke up this morning and all the leaves just fell off into piles at the base of the plant. The top is triving with new growth too. So I know it’s healthy. Iv’e never had succulents do this before, even in the Wisconsin fall indoors. Any ideas what happened?

    • Usually when seemingly healthy leaves fall off like that it’s an early sign of over watering. The leaves get so plump they don’t stay attached very well. I’d recommend cutting back on watering a little bit and hopefully that will prevent any from falling off in the future.

  45. love your site very helpful! I am having a problem with my hens and clicks growing downwards. They are not curving up at all. Any ideas what I am doing wrong? Thanks jannie

    • Usually hens and chicks will grow that way if they aren’t getting enough light. See if you can move them to an area that gets a little bit brighter sun or more hours of sunlight throughout the day.

  46. Hi, i am so happy to have discovered your postings. Great information. I do need some advice , we are moving from california to virginia, and Im taking my plants with me. I have had them outside since I got them. In order to move them and not take any unwanted “friends” with me, what do you suggest to some how wash them before transporting. Ive seen posts on cleaning potted plants in dawn baths but I am worried with succulents being sensitive that I would kill them. Thank you!

  47. Hello,
    I have around 12 pots of different succulents and am worried about them for the winter and not receiving enough light. They are in a east facing window. And I have bought a grow light, 65 watt to give them more sunlight, but have no idea if us helping or for how long to leave it on. I was watering them every week in the summer but now I think I need to cu tree back because the soil is still wet after a week. Can you please help!

    • This post should be helpful for general winter care of succulents indoors. You will want to cut back on watering.

      As far as grow lights go, I’m working on a post about this right now although it may be another week or two before I’m finished. Depending on the size of your light it may not be enough to keep them really compact, but it should help some. You’ll want the light to be about 12″ about the succulents so they can get as much as possible. Leave it on in daytime hours, maybe a little longer than the sun is actually out, but don’t leave it on 24 hours. The succulents do need night time to complete their growing cycle.

  48. Hi Cassidy, I love your blog! Super helpful with info I haven’t come across before. Now I’m just wondering what kind of succulent you have in the first photo of this post, I love its purple stems and little rosettes.

  49. How do I get rid of fruit flies in my succulents? The fruit flies have been a problem this year in my area including my house? But they also seem to like my succulents. I live in Minnesota so it’s getting pretty cold now. On semi warm sunny days I place them outside for some sun and in hopes that the flies will go away but they come back when I bring them inside, help!?

    • Usually fruit flies hang around if the soil is staying wet for too long. If you can let the soil dry out longer that should help. The best way I’ve found to get rid of the flies currently around my plants is to set out a small dish of apple cider vinegar with a few drops of dish soap. The vinegar lures them in and the soap kills them. You may also want to pour some isopropyl alcohol over your soil the next time you water to kill any eggs they may have laid in the soil.

  50. What a helpful article, thank you! I wish I could say that I had actually tried reading up on growing succulents before because I have always loved them but my interest has been peeked by the activities of a wonderful little $3 plant I bought at IKEA of all places. It is an Echeveria that sent up 2 most glorious flower stalks that completely took me by surprise. I would love to know how to care for it better. It is now growing little babies off the stalk and it has been just doing it’s thing in the little plastic pot that it came home from IKEA in. Should I repot it? Now that the flowers have died back, should I cut the drying stalks off? Should I trim off the dead dry leaves on the stalk to make better light for the sprouting babies coming from that area of the stalk?

    Thank you for sharing your wisdom!

    • Thanks for your kind words! It’s up to you on repotting. If they still fit in the pot you can leave them until they get a little bigger. However, I do recommend planting succulents in something other than the pot they originally come in. You can read more about repotting here. It is helpful to pull off the dead leaves from time to time. It does help promote new growth and keeps the plant healthier (as well as prettier).

      The flower stalk can be cut off. Once the blooms have died the stalk doesn’t do much. I hope that helps!

  51. This is so helpful, thank you! What is the name of the cute little succulent in the terra cotta planter in the last pictures on this post? I just received one as a Christmas present, and I’m trying to learn how to take care of it. Thank you!

  52. Hi, I’m new to the succulents and was wondering if i could get any advice. I’m not sure if my plant is becoming leggy (as i do not know what species it is as i received it as a gift). If i could get any help about finding out the species of my plant and any other tips on how to care for it, it would be appreciated.

    • You can check out this post to get help with identifying your succulent. This page of my site has information about caring for succulents. If you have any specific questions, feel free to email me (info @ If you email me, let me know how you’ve been caring for the plant (watering, sunlight, indoor or outdoor, soil, pot, etc) and send a picture if possible. Thanks!

  53. I live in Florida and we don’t really have winter it’s still like 80-90 degrees should I still be watering as if it is summer or water like its winter even though it’s super hot and my plants are facing out a north window what do you think?

    • You may want to cut back a little. Succulents will still go through a dormant period where they need less water. If you’re watering with the “soak and dry” method like I talk about in this post and in my ebook, you shouldn’t have to make much of a chance in your watering schedule for the winter.

  54. Hi! I received some succulents and a cacti for Valentine’s Day and I love them so much! They’re just so pretty! They’re all still tiny things and there were in the same glass vase looking thing. I’m not sure how to go on about caring for them because I live on Guam where the air is very moist. We don’t have a winter season here, it always feels like summer. Should I leave them outside or can I leave them inside by a window? I have my air conditioning on only at night

  55. Hi! I just bought 20 succulents and potted them in well draining terra cotta pots, but for some reason they are all dying. I don’t mean a few of the leaves are shriveling, all of the leaves are shriveling up and falling off. I’m not sure what I’m doing wrong. They are indoor on a windowsill, and they get several hours (2-4) of indirect sunlight a day. The soul is a 50-50 mix of sand and potting moss. (Someone at Lowes told me that would work very well.) I also water them ever 1-2 weeks lightly. Please help me!


  56. Hi! I think I have sunburned my succulents. I’m not sure how to find the fine line between “full sun” and “sunburned”. I bought them from lowes so they were kept inside and in the to shade. I’ve had them in a east facing window, but they’re still getting burned (a few leaves have brown spots, and a few spots are even black.) Should I give them less full sun? How much is not enough?

    • It sounds to me like you may have a problem with too much water rather than sunburn. Take a look at this post and see if your plants resemble anything here:

      Otherwise, I’d say to keep them in an area that gets bright, indirect sunlight. If they are getting direct sun make sure it’s only for an hour or two in the morning when it’s cooler. Indoors though, the problem may be from being too close to the window. Pulling them away from the window a little should help.

  57. Thanks so much so helpful ! Quick question how do you know exactly when the soil is “completely dry before watering again ” I have a classic container with little rock on the top and soil under, do I check the soul at the very bottom on the drain hole or remove the little rocks and see the soil I’m just not sure the exact way to tell .

  58. My indoor Succulents suddenly dead in 3 days
    friday my plant look nice and pretty, today ( monday ) i took a look on my plant , it turn abit blue and black and die off .

    what happen to plant ? i wish to send you the picture of my poor plant for you to take a look .

  59. I work at a Walmart and while I’m normally a front-end cashier, when they have no one else, I’ll work in the garden department. The first time I saw a succulent, I thought it was fake! Because the leaves on it were so thick and unique, I started to like the little plant (your article here thankfully has a picture of what I’d been seeing…a California Sunset, I think it was called. The small pot for the plant only says succulent without any other detail).

    I’m half tempted to buy one but I wanted to read around first before jumping in. I’m mainly terrified of bugs…I don’t live on my own and my mom hates bugs; she’d likely throw it away if she saw them crawling around. Also ignoring the fact that I once let a cactus die (let’s not go into detail on that one, lol), I think I’m a bit more ready to try the succulent. I have the internet at my fingertips for much faster advice this time when I didn’t while caring for the cactus :) Thank you so much for the information!

    • I’m glad you’ve found the site helpful! Fortunately they shouldn’t get bugs, so I’d guess that won’t be an issue. Good luck! I have a feeling you may be addicted soon :)

  60. No matter what I do, my succulents seem to be turning “soggy.” I’ve moved the pot around the house where it can get the most sunlight, changed the soil to a well-draining mix with a ceramic pot with a drainage hole and everything! I’ve only watered them twice in the past couple of months being careful not to soak them too much but they’re still becoming wilted :( Can they get “soggy” from too LITTLE water? The last ones I had I killed from over-watering and they became soggy as well. I wish they could just tell me what they want! Should I keep them in one spot all day by the window? (my bedroom where I keep my plants faces east) or move them to the west in the evening where they’ll get more sun?! Please help!

  61. Your post is so helpful! I just bought a succulent today and am so excited to start taking care of it. I’m keeping mine in my bedroom on my nightstand. It will be right next to a window and I was wondering if that would be enough sunlight? I don’t want to burn it, but I don’t want it to die either from no sun either.

  62. Hi!
    I am totally new to succulents and your posts have been so helpful!
    I recently bought 3 “miniature” succulents as decoration for my bathroom. Their pots have holes and I thought my earring was fine but my bathroom does not have any Windows. So everyday I would take them outside so they could get some (direct) sun. On the third day when I went to bring them back inside I noticed they had brown spots :( and some leaves were thinning around those spots.

    Did I give them a sun burn? Is there any way back? Are they going to die slowly?

    Now I have been just putting them indoors where they get indirect sunlight but the spots are still there..

    Many thanks!

    • It could be sunburn or just a sign of stress. If it’s just a few small spots I don’t think you need to worry. If it’s larger patches, then it’s likely sunburn. Keeping them cool, in indirect sunlight and properly watered will help. The spots won’t go away, but the new growth should look healthy without spots.

  63. […] The best way to care about your succulents is to keep them ideally watered. They don’t need much water and you should try to water the soil rather than water the leaves and plant itself. Also, don’t overdo it, since these plants are developed to live in water scarce environment. Succulents and Sunshine has a lot of great tips to take care of your indoor succulents. […]

  64. […] The best way to care about your succulents is to keep them ideally watered. They don’t need much water and you should try to water the soil rather than water the leaves and plant itself. Also, don’t overdo it, since these plants are developed to live in water scarce environment. Succulents and Sunshine has a lot of great tips to take care of your indoor succulents. […]

    • They can be planted together, although smaller succulents tend to need more water, so make sure you are following the soak and dry method found here.

  65. Hello, Cassidy!
    Thanks for the great tips about growing succulents indoors… very inspiring. Someone gave me a beautiful agave plant a couple of years ago and, much to my surprise, it has survived 2 winters in my very dark brownstone. I keep it by a south facing window and don’t water it very much. It seems to be thriving… even putting out a little baby agave!

    Now I’m going to see if I can get my hands on some green crassulas.


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I'm Cassidy, a professional photographer turned succulent addict and the author and photographer here at Succulents and Sunshine. This is me with my wonderful husband and super cute baby!

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Growing succulents indoors is tricky business if you don’t know the proper soil, sunlight and watering requirements. But you can make succulents work for you, you just need to know the right way to care for them! Follow my step-by-step instructions and watch your worries float away and your succulents thrive, year after year :)

The secrets to propagating succulents successfully!

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If you're looking for simple, quick tips to help you get started with succulents, this is the guide for you! These 30 tips cover the basics from buying and planting succulents to designing beautiful arrangements with them. Easy to read and easy to implement ideas to get you off on the right foot.

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