However, if you're growing succulents indoors, it's likely you want a pot without a drainage hole so you can keep your succulents on the counter and not worry about water coming out the bottom of the pot.
To help you master the art of watering succulents, start by downloading my free cheat sheet to see what it looks like when your succulents need more or less water. Click here to grab that that, it'll be super helpful.
Let me tell you a few simple ways to make watering succulents in pots without a drainage hole easier.
Using a well draining soil is extremely important for pots without drainage because it allows for more airflow. Even though the water still has nowhere to flow out, it's easier for the water to evaporate if the soil has large particles (1/4″ or 6mm is ideal).
Adding larger materials to the bottom is a way that people frequently “add drainage” to a pot. However, this actually causes problems for succulents because it causes water to pool at the bottom of the pot. Then, the soil at the top of the pot traps the water in making it harder for the water to evaporate.
Using a consistent particle size, about 1/4″ (6mm) throughout your planter is the best way to allow water to evaporate quickly.
Watch how I water my succulents (including non-draining pots) in the video below:
Measure it out
One of the biggest problems with a non-draining pot is knowing how much water you've poured in. Glass containers are helpful because you can see the water level as you're pouring the water on.
However, this isn't the case with many non-draining planters.
I recommend measuring out the amount of water you pour on your plants.
You can do this a variety of ways. The simplest is to use a measuring cup, which you likely already have at home.
My friends at Lula's Garden send out an adorable pipette with each of their arrangements. I use four pipettes full of water on each succulent in my jewel garden. It's easy to do and doesn't make a mess!
You can also use any sort of cup or even measuring spoons. The key is simply to pour on a designated amount of water. If you use your kitchen sink or a watering can, it's hard to know how much water your succulent is getting and it's easy to overflow the pot or give it too much water.
How much water
The trickiest part about watering succulents without drainage is knowing how much water it needs.
The goal is to pour on enough water that all the soil gets wet but avoid having excess water pool at the bottom of the pot.
If you happen to pour on too much water, you can use a rag or paper towels to try and absorb some of it. If your pot is fairly small, you may be able to pour the excess water off.
Different soil types retain different amounts of water, so even after you decide on an amount of water to give your succulents, you'll need to keep an eye out for symptoms of watering problems.
That said, I generally recommend pouring on water equal to half the volume of your planter. So, if your planter holds about a cup of soil, you'll pour on 1/2 cup of water.
Be sure to download the Succulent Tracker app (Apple | Android) to help you keep track of when you watered your succulents, how much water you added, when you repotted them, and more. It's been a lifesaver for my succulents!
Use this as a starting point and, again, adjust as needed based on what your plant tells you over the next few weeks. Both the amount of water you use and the frequency of watering will determine how healthy your succulent is.
I get asked this question over and over and the answer is simple:
Water only when the soil is completely dry.
Graptosedum ‘California Sunset', Haworthia fasciata from Lula's Garden
Watering on a set weekly or bi-weekly schedule doesn't always work out.
Watering when the soil is dry (rather than on a set schedule) is especially important for non-draining pots because the water doesn't dry out as quickly as it does in a pot with a drainage hole. This means your succulent has access to water longer and will likely survive with more time between watering.
That's why using the Succulent Tracker app (Apple | Android) is so helpful. You can record the date you last watered (so you don't have to remember) and it will calculate the average number of days between watering.
You won't have to guess how long ago you watered last and can set reminders for when you anticipate you'll need to water again.
Each succulent will have a slightly different schedule and there's a number of factors that contribute to their need for water.
Check out this quick video to see 5 factors that determine how frequently your succulents need to be watered:
How to tell when the soil is dry
There are a variety of ways to tell when the soil is dry, but the best method is to check the weight of your pot. Start by pouring on your pre-determined amount of water.
Next, lift the pot with both hands (unless it's super tiny). Move it up and down to get an idea of how much it weighs. Then over the next few days lift it from time to time. When the water has evaporated completely, you'll find there is a noticeable difference in weight.
I recommend allowing it another 2-3 days of drying time before watering again unless you have a very thin leaved succulent like a Portulacaria afra.
If your pot is too heavy to lift, you can stick a skewer down into the soil. Let it sit in the soil for about 30 seconds or so and then pull it out. If it's still wet, wait to water. If it's dry you should be fine to water again, although I recommend giving it another couple of days just to be safe. This is the method recommended by Lula's Garden and they include a skewer with their arrangements.
Another option is to use a water meter. I haven't personally found these to be very helpful, but I know a few people who swear by them. If you're having a hard time with your watering schedule this may be worth a try.
What to do if you encounter problems
In an ideal world it would be easy for me to tell you to water once a week and all your plants will be perfectly healthy, but that just isn't the case. It takes some experimenting to figure out what watering “schedule” is good for your plants.
Pay attention to the leaves of your succulents over time. If you start to notice your succulents are getting limp and withered or juicy and mushy, you'll want to gradually change how you water. You can see more signs of watering problems here.
If your plants aren't getting enough water (limp and withered) you'll likely want to increase the amount of water you give them and maintain the same frequency. However, if you only water once a month it's more likely that the frequency of watering is the issue.
Portulacaria afra variegata
The stem and leaves should be firm when watered properly. If they start to become a bit transparent and look extra juicy, or if the leaves fall off with a very slight bump, you've likely over watered. In this case, cut back on the frequency of watering.
If you're only watering once a month because the soil stays wet for a long time, you'll want to change the amount of water instead of the frequency as well as re-evaluate your soil.
Making gradual changes is very important. If you suddenly start watering every other day when you had only been watering every 2-3 weeks your succulent is going to quickly begin to rot.
On the flip side, if you were watering daily and then cut back to once a month your succulent is going to dry out too quickly and die.
You can use the Succulent Tracker app (Apple | Android) to help you manage your succulent watering schedule even better to help prevent over watering.
Knowing how to water succulents in pots without drainage takes some extra effort and will require you to pay a bit more attention to your succulents than if they were in a planter with a drainage hole. However, non-draining planters are a great option for using succulents in your home decor.
And remember, if you haven't already, be sure to grab my free cheat sheet to see what it looks like when your succulents need more or less water. Click here to get the cheat sheet.